Call for the Best Cable, Phone and Internet Deals: 855-349-9328
Call For Best Deals: 855-349-9328

All across the globe, the internet has completely revolutionized the ways people connect with each other. With great influence on both individuals and economies, the internet has become an important part of our daily lives. Currently, over half of the global population is linked to the internet. According to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), there are approximately 318 million internet users in the US, as of 2023. 

On one side, we see the apparent growth of the digital population in various parts of the world, and on the other hand, there are still regions with limited internet access and availability. In the United States, around 19 million people are deprived of fixed broadband high-speed internet service as per the report of FCC.

Approximately 14.5 million people -- one-fourth of the total rural population in America -- lacks access to broadband service. Whereas, almost one-third of the total tribal areas population lacks access to this service. Nearly 100 million Americans living in the areas where broadband service is available still have not subscribed to it.

All homes, buildings, and firms with internet access have an Internet Service provider (ISP). However, your choices of ISPs vary depending upon your location and the available internet service provider near you. Before you subscribe to an ISP, it is essential to understand what exactly an ISP is. To assist you in this regard, this blog covers everything you need to know about an ISP. So, let’s dig in!

What is an ISP?

A company capable of providing internet services and connections to individuals, households, and companies is commonly called an Internet Service provider.

Your Internet Service Provider allows you to access the internet from the comfort of your homes and offices. Once your internet connection activates, you can browse the web, stream your favorite shows, play online games, send emails, shop online, conduct research, and much more.

To establish a link between the servers on the internet and your device, you need the services of an Internet Service Provider. The ISP gives you the special feeling of talking directly with your loved ones, while in reality you only communicate indirectly.

All ISPs are linked with each other via public network resources and access points on the backbone of the internet. Every time you send out an email, it travels all the way from your computer or device to the ISP servers which transmit it to the final destination via other available servers on the network. Obviously, this is your ISP’s electronic path but its communication is undoubtedly expeditious.

What Purpose Does an ISP Serve?

If you can access the internet, it is solely because of your Internet Service Provider. You can have the latest specs computer, a router for networking, and a modem to convert data but you still cannot connect with the internet without subscribing to the services of an ISP.

People living in homes and apartments treat ISP as a cable company that offers both the internet as well as TV subscription. It is completely up to you to purchase only fast-speed internet or cable TV or both. However, you cannot get two services at the price of one.

How do ISPs work?

The internet access pyramid is made up of three different tiers which are described below.

Tier 1 ISP

The top tier of the internet access pyramid is called Tier 1 ISP. It has access to every network on the internet. This ISP uses network peering agreements, which allow networks to connect to each other, without incurring payments to 3rd parties.


Tier 1 ISP serves the purpose of important internet highways by connecting all nooks of the web. These ISPs also provide their services to Tier 2 ISPs, for onward delivery to residential and business consumers. However, it may happen that Tier 1 ISPs directly sell network access to individuals and companies.

Major Tier 1 ISPs

The important ISPs that fall under the category of Tier 1 include AT&T, Verizon, Spectrum, Sprint, Xfinity, Cox, and CenturyLink.

Tier 2 ISP

Tier 2 Internet service providers purchase internet access from Tier 1 ISPs and then sell it to individuals, households, and organizations.

Tier 3 ISP

Another intermediary ISP is Tier 3. Before selling bandwidth to consumers, Tier 3 buys network bandwidth from Tier 2 ISP. Tier 3 ISPs usually operate in areas where Tier 2 ISPs don’t want to invest in terms of infrastructure or customer service.

Do ISPs only Provide Internet Access?

Along with internet access, ISPs offer other things as well like email accounts, the personal home page, software packages, etc. You can also use ISP to build and host your business Web site. However, you can only get those services that an internet service provider near you offers.

How Do ISPs Establish a Connection?

When your home network sends traffic to the Internet, the data travels through different hops before getting to its final destination. For example, the data may flow from your modem to the network of Tier 3 ISP first, then to the Tier 2 ISP, and finally to Tier 1 ISP’s network. After covering three tiers, the traffic may reach its destination after traveling via multiple ISP sets.

To establish connectivity, the primary technology that ISPs use include dial-ups, cable DSL, satellite, fiber-optic, Wi-Fi, etc. Most telephone and cable providers enter the internet industry because their infrastructure is capable to deal with its traffic. 

Are there any free Internet Service Providers?

Yes! Freenets offer you free access to the Internet. Usually, this type of ISPs gives you certain hours of restricted speed and access. One drawback is that freenets show a lot of banner ads to make a profit.

Can I Connect to the Internet without an ISP?

No, you must subscribe to a suitable internet service provider near you to get internet access. There is no way to use the internet if your ISP is down. Companies that need superfluous internet connection may invest in a backup ISP or use a cellular service provider to avoid any problems.

In case there is an ISP outage, then we would recommend you to use your mobile phone hotspot to temporarily fulfill your internet needs.

Broadband Internet

The Federal Communications Commission has set 25 Mbps download speed and 3 Mbps upload speed as the benchmark for broadband Internet speeds. Any internet connection that falls within this speed range is classified as broadband internet. Let’s briefly discuss different types of internet and check if they qualify for broadband internet:


Dependent on older analog technologies, Dial-up is a traditional internet that fails to pass the speed criteria required for broadband internet.

Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) and Satellite

Both DSL and satellite internet offer faster speed than dial-ups but are still not capable enough to meet the broadband internet benchmark.


If you want a broadband connection at your house or firm, cable connections may be a suitable option. It goes over the FCC speed requirements and gives users a high-speed, reliable internet connection.

Fiber Optic

Fiber is definitely the best broadband internet option present on the market. With fiber optic internet, you can enjoy the highest speed of up to 1 GB.

Bottom Line

It is easy for people to have their own website but to become an Internet service provider is not everyone’s cup of tea. You need funds, groundwork, talented technicians, and a lot of other things to become a successful ISP. Just survey any internet service provider and you will get to know how it supports long power lines, employs several workers, and maintains internet services for its large number of subscribers.

The good thing is that you don’t need the same provider to connect with your friends and family. Neither have you had to pay an additional amount to connect with people having different ISP. To choose the best internet service provider near you, call 1-855-349-9328 to get expert advice and assistance.